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David Bachrach photo

Neste ano de 2012, David S. Bachrach (New Hampshire University) publicou dois volumes de grande interesse e indispensáveis aos estudiosos do período Otônida da Germânia Imperial Medieval: o primeiro deles, é o Warfare and Politics in Medieval Germany ca. 1000: On the Variety of Our Times, no qual traduziu e analisou o De diversitate temporum, de Alpert de Metz, fonte repleta de insights sobre os acontecimentos políticos e militares do início do século XI, particularmente no que diziam respeito aos Países Baixos.

The De diversitate temporum, written in the early eleventh century by Alpert of Metz, is one of the indispensable contemporary accounts for our understanding of the history of the Low Countries at the turn of the first millennium. With a keen eye for detail, Alpert offers insightful anecdotes about people from all walks of life, while at the same time providing a regional perspective on the important political, social, economic, and military affairs of the period. Alpert gained a connection with Burchard of Worms, dedicating De diversitate to him; this translation includes both Alpert’s introductory letter to Burchard and Burchard’s response to Alpert. In addition to its significance for the history of the Low Countries, Alpert’s work provides considerable insight into the organization of the German kingdom at a point of transition that was marked by the end of the Ottonian dynasty with the death of Henry II in 1024.



O segundo livro é Warfare in Tenth-Century Germany, analisa a importância das questões militares e o vulto das campanhas promovidas pelos imperadores Otônidas, particularmente as lideradas por Henrique I e Otto I, providenciando análises compreensivas da organização das tropas, treinamento, moral, táticas e estratégias dos exércitos Otônidas. Trata-se de um livro precioso, que finalmente veio a preencher uma lacuna consideravelmente importante, já que o papel militar foi preponderante para a legitimação do poder destes dois monarcas.


Over the course of half a century, the first two kings of the Saxon dynasty, Henry I (919-936) and Otto I (936-973), waged war across the length and breadth of Europe. Ottonian armies campaigned from the banks of the Oder in the east to the Seine in the west, and from the shores of the Baltic Sea in the north, to the Adriatic and Mediterranean in the south. In the course of scores of military operations, accompanied by diligent diplomatic efforts, Henry and Otto recreated the empire of Charlemagne, and established themselves as the hegemonic rulers in Western Europe. This book shows how Henry I and Otto I achieved this remarkable feat, and provides a comprehensive analysis of the organization, training, morale, tactics, and strategy of Ottonian armies over a long half century. Drawing on a vast array of sources, including exceptionally important information developed through archaeological excavations,it demonstrates that the Ottonian kings commanded very large armies in military operations that focused primarily on the capture of fortifications, including many fortress cities of Roman origin. This long-term military success shows that Henry I and Otto I, building upon the inheritance of their Carolingian predecessors, and ultimately that of the late Roman empire, possessed an extensive and well-organized administration, and indeed, bureaucracy, which mobilized the resources that were necessary for the successful conduct of war.