A Bavária, mais meridional das regiões constituintes da Germânia Imperial Medieval, caiu sob o domínio Franco em meados do século VI, tornada ducado e posta sob o comando da poderosa linhagem franco-bávara dos Agilolfings (550-788). Foi consolidada como parte da Francia Orientalis durante o período Carolíngio, permanecendo como parte do reino germânico em suas versões pós-Verdun: o Ostfrankreich e o Império restaurado no século X.
Selecionamos algumas obras específicas sobre esta região tão importante:
Conflicting Loyalties in Early Medieval Bavaria: A View of Socio-Political Interaction, 680-900
Kathy Lynne Roper Pearson, Ashgate, 2000.
Conflicting Loyalties in Early Medieval Bavaria examines the successes and failures of the Agilolfingi dukes and their Carolingian royal successors as they attempted to establish effective territoriality within early-medieval Bavaria. The dukes and kings relied heavily on two major strategies: the use of the Church as an extension of the ruler’s authority over both territory and its inhabitants; and the creation of proto-vassalic and vassalic ties with members of the landowning class. Pursuit of these strategies forced the Bavarian rulers to deal with the ambivalence of their clerical and secular élites whose patterns of loyalty were shaped by a variety of familial, religious, or territorial concerns of their own, not always compatible with the ruler’s interests. This book explores these various conflicting loyalties and demonstrates that, although Bavaria did evolve into a distinct territorial principality, the ambitions and loyalties of the landowning élites could never be fully subordinated to royal authority.
From Ducatus to Regnum. Ruling Bavaria under the Merovingians and Early Carolingians
Carl I. Hammer, Brepols, 2007.
Bavaria was a very important country during the early Middle Ages. Its territory included much of the modern German state but also reached across the Alps into what are now Austria and northern Italy. Bavaria thus occupied a strategic position between the rival kingdoms of the Franks and the Langobards. It was ruled by powerful dukes who had close political and personal relations with the Frankish rulers but who also vigorously resisted attempts to limit their own sovereignty. Bavaria’s independence was ended in 788 by Charlemagne who deposed his cousin, Duke Tassilo. Charlemagne’s son, the Emperor Louis the Pious, then established Bavaria as the first monarchy east of the river Rhine for his own son, Ludwig the German. This is the first full study of the entire evolution of Bavarian rule from the mid-sixth century into the early ninth century It explores the changing strategies adopted by its dukes and then its first king to establish their authority and maintain their autonomy in face of evolving challenges to their rule. An Epilogue continues the story into the early tenth century.
Unjust Seizure: Conflict, Interest, and Authority in an Early Medieval Society
Warren Brown, Cornell UP, 2001
Most scholarship in English on the political and social order of early medieval Europe concentrates on the Western Frankish regions. Warren Brown shifts the focus to the East, concentrating on conflicts and their resolutions to learn how a central authority could affect local societies in the Middle Ages. Brown delves into the rich archival materials of eighth- and ninth-century Bavaria, exploring how Bavarians handled conflicts both before and after the absorption of their duchy into the empire of Charlemagne. The ability to follow specific cases in remarkable detail allows Brown to depict the ways the conquered population reacted to the imposition of a new central authority; how that authority and its institutions were able to function in this far-flung outpost of Charlemagne’s realm; and how the relationship between royal authority and local processes developed as the Frankish empire unraveled under Charlemagne’s heirs.By drawing on the recent work of anthropologists and political scientists on topics such as dispute resolution and the dynamics of conquest and colonization, Brown considers issues larger than the procedures for handling conflict in the early Middle Ages: How could a ruler exercise power without the coercive resources available to the modern state? In what ways can a people respond to military conquest?