Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Thesis, 2010.
This thesis deals with the faunal remains from several excavations in the centre of the medieval town of Emden (Lower Saxony, Germany). The aim of this thesis is to answer questions concerning the development of animal husbandry and the use of animal products in the medieval period. It is hoped to obtain a better understanding of the functions of a medieval town occupied by different groups of people and the contrast with the countryside over a period of about 900 years (9th-17th century). Preliminary reports of this study have been previously published (GRIMM 2005, 2006 & 2008).
This study is presented in the form of an introduction (chapter 1) followed by a chapter each on the animal bones from the three main excavations (chapters 2-4; see below), a chapter which summarises the results from the analysis of the animal bones from Emden (chapter 5) and is followed by a comparison of the results from Emden with other medieval urban assemblages from the area (chapter 6). Chapter 7 presents the summary and conclusions, as well as the initiatives for further research. The thesis and its accompanying database will be published as a whole on the internet (BoneCommons hosted by http://www.alexandriaarchive.org). This study will also be published in the monograph series Probleme der Küstenforschung issued by the Niedersächsisches Institut für historische Küstenforschung, Wilhelmshaven (Germany).
The zooarchaeological study in this thesis deals with the faunal remains from two major excavations conducted in the 1950s in the Emden town centre: Rosenstraße and Schulstraße. Another recent major excavation in the old town centre by the Ostfriesische Landschaft, named Kirchstraße, provided new material to complete and extend the older material. The bones from the small excavations Große Kirche, Pelzerstraße, Emsstraße and a small-scale excavation from 1986 were also incorporated into this study (Figure 1-2). Although not every find spot yielded many bones and so contributed in the same way to this study, I have included them for the sake of extra information. Together they form a unique and rich collection of material that sheds light on the use of animals and animal products from the 9th to the 17th century in Emden. Short introductions to these excavations are given in chapter 1.3.